World Health Organization
 Collaborating Center on
 Pharmaceutical Policy

    Improving Access to and Use of Essential Medicines

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Medicines and Insurance Coverage (MedIC) Initiative



Glossary of Terms Used for Pharmaceuticals and Pharmaceutical Policies in Low- and Middle-Income Countries


First African MedIC Course in Pharmaceutical Policy Analysis

Accra, Ghana
16-25 November 2008

Background: The first African MedIC Course in Pharmaceutical Policy Analysis for Health and Insurance Systems was organized by the WHO Regional Office for Africa, the Noguchi Memorial Institute for Medical Research in collaboration with WHO and the Ministry of Health in Ghana, and the WHO Collaborating Center in Pharmaceutical Policy at the Department of Ambulatory Care and Prevention of Harvard Medical School and Harvard Pilgrim Health Care. The course brought together 25 participants from governments, health insurance schemes, and international organizations from of six African countries in Accra, Ghana. During the highly interactive 9-day course, participants from Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, South Africa, Uganda, and Tanzania worked in small cross-country groups to answer questions such as: Why extend coverage for medicines in health insurance programs? What are the advantages and disadvantages of specific medicines policies? What is the best way to design, implement, and manage a formulary? How can routine medicines data be used to develop evidence-based policies? How can insurance programs evaluate changes in medicines coverage? What are the best measures for routine monitoring of medicines policy effects? As country teams, participants developed innovative policy interventions to improve medicines use and health outcomes in their systems, immediately applying the materials discussed during the course to their settings.

The Ghana MedIC Course Report can be downloaded here.

The Participant Guide can be downloaded here.

The Course Facilitator List can be downloaded here.

The Course Participant List can be downloaded here


Information from the Third International Conference for Improving Use of Medicines, ICIUM2011